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“To completely shut the gender pay gap in Iceland, we need handle bigger, social issues. One of the principle reasons for the gender pay hole is the gender segregation of the Icelandic labor market,” she adds, referring to how some professions predominantly employ men and vice versa. Gender pay equality was legalized in Iceland more than 50 years in the past, with the 1961 Equal Pay Act placing in ink laws in opposition to gender pay discrimination. But the 2017 law requires companies with 25 workers or more to prove they’re compliant.
With this certificate, Iceland is leading the sphere once again. It stays to be seen whether it will really assist to reduce the gender pay gap.
Five years later, in 1980, the nation elected Vigdis Finnbogadottir as president, the primary woman on the planet to be democratically elected as head of state. At the first such protest in 1975, 90 per cent of girls in Iceland walked off the job, and 25,000 folks gathered in the capital in one of the country’s largest demonstrations ever. For nine years, Iceland has held the highest position within the World Economic Forum’s rating of gender equal nations. «Don’t Change Women, Change the World,» was the theme of this yr’s Women’s Day Off, which organisers mentioned was much more topical in the wake of final year’s #MeToo campaign. Hildur Yeoman is a Reykjavik-primarily based dressmaker and illustrator who studied at the Iceland Academy of the arts, graduating in 2006.
Another piece of worldwide information about Iceland should have been the one getting essentially the most attention, because it was about the 1000’s of Icelandic ladies that left work early, to protest towards the wage hole between men and women. This occurred on the identical day as Miss Iceland give up the wonder pageant, nevertheless it appears Miss Iceland got lots more media action.
- By distinction, in 1920 about 20 p.c of the population resided within the capital, which by that point could boast of banks and corporations, strain teams and social actions, including a powerful girls’s motion.
- Even with this drop in illustration, Iceland did go on to elect the second girl to function prime minister, Katrín Jakobsdóttir, at the end of 2017.
- However, women typically work more than men after we consider labor at work and at residence.
- It’s difficult to think about these two schoolgirls have lately performed at Iceland’s largest music festival, Iceland Airwaves (escorted by their dad and mom, after all), inside a 12 months of forming their indie people duo RuGI.
- Awareness of issues within the music business has improved lately.
- Since 1991, Iceland’s Ministry of Welfare has awarded grants to ladies entrepreneurs with innovative business ideas that can create jobs.
More women had been elected to parliament; by 1999, more than a 3rd of MPs had been ladies. «While more girls than males are enrolled in college, the workplace gender hole persists,» she says. At the identical time, he factors on the market have all the time been sturdy girls in Iceland — one thing mirrored within the (fictional) Icelandic Sagas. No girls worked on the paper that day.
On January 1, 2018, the nation absolutely enacted the world’s first equal pay law. This new law requires firms with 25 or extra workers to acquire certification to confirm that equal pay is a actuality for all workers, regardless of gender.
As in many different international locations, the problem begins with young folks’s perfect jobs. Boys are likely to dream of technical careers, while ladies are more doubtless to choose work within the welfare sector, where jobs are much less properly paid. Ultimately, the civil engineer will then earn greater than the nurse.
Declaration of Women in Iceland on the Women’s Day Off, October 24, 2018
Each evaluation is made by an impartial and accredited reviewer. Should an organization fall short, they face fines ranging as much as 50,000 Iceland krona (€four hundred) for each day they are not in compliance. Gender pay equality was one of many key marketing campaign promises made in 2016 by Iceland’s Reform Party (Viðreisn), which was a part of the Independence Party’s coalition authorities.
Iceland’s record on all of those fronts is healthier than most nations; within the UK, ladies’s hourly pay is 18% lower than men. Grassroots activism at such a scale unsurprisingly had a significant material impact. Within 5 years, the nation had the world’s first democratically elected feminine president – Vigdis Finnbogadottir. Now in her 80s, this steely-eyed powerhouse tells me of the impact that day of protest had on her own profession trajectory. An outpouring of women on to the streets was, by then, a nicely-trodden form of activism.